Egypt’s Christians

Guide: Christians in the Middle East [BBC, 2011]  

Get a general overview of Christian minorities, country by country in the Middle East with the BBC”s guide to Christians in the Middle East. Read More

The Coptic Orthodox Church of  Egypt [Encyclopedia Coptica]

Learn about the theology, practices, and contributions that Egypt’s Coptic Christians have made to Christianity. The Coptic Orthodox Church is Egypt’s largest Christian community dating back to the time of St. Mark, according to tradition. Read More

The Copts and Arab Spring [New York Times, 2011]

When Arab Spring swept through Egypt in early 2011, Egypt’s Christians took part in the demonstrations against President Mubarak’s government. Written after the fall of Mubarak’s government, this New York Times piece explores the hopes of Egypt’s Copts amid Arab Spring and how those hopes were soon disappointed. Read More

Egypt 2017 International Religious Freedom Report [US Department of State, 2017]   

The US Department of State publishes annual overviews of international religious freedom in each country around the world. In Egypt, the 2017 report finds, “Irrespective of religion, authorities also did not apply equal protection to all citizens and sometimes closed churches, in violation of the law, according to multiple sources. Courts charged citizens, including Muslim clerics, with ‘denigration of religions.’ Christians reported discrimination by authorities, especially in rural areas.” Read More

Minority Profile: Egypt’s Christians [Eshhad, 2015]  

“Though a legally protected minority, Christians face several challenges, including limits on the construction and maintenance of churches. Converts to Christianity are often harassed by the state and by private citizens, and Christians are subject to blasphemy charges. Christians in rural areas are especially vulnerable to criminal acts, and the state often fails to enforce relevant laws, allowing for perpetrators’ impunity, preferring instead to convene ‘customary reconciliation sessions’ where Christians rarely receive justice. Christians are underrepresented in government institutions, particularly the security sector.” Read More


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